Children’s House believes that play is essential to a child’s learning and that it is necessary to create learning environments that support this.
To achieve this, caregivers will:
Establish activity centres based on the children’s interests that encourage children to become involved in learning through hands on experiences. Activity centres will provide opportunities for decision making, independent thinking, task completion and personal and societal achievements.Celebrate and respect each child’s development and individuality.
Understand the importance of providing a balance between meeting the needs of a group of children as well as paying attention to children on an individual and small group basis.
Create and present planned activity centres that are evaluated on a continuous basis, replacing materials; rearranging and assessing each centre to maintain a stimulating learning through play environment.
Children will be given the opportunity to choose from a selection of developmentally appropriate and challenging activity centres organized and planned to enhance social, physical, intellectual, creative and emotional development.
Social Development- the means through which children become a functioning part of society and learn society’s rules and values.
To enhance the social development, caregivers will:
Assess how children interact with others.
Establish standards for pro-social behaviour and serve as role models.
Help children develop the ability to use problem solving as an approach to dealing with interpersonal conflict.
Plan activities which allow children to express their feelings.
Recognize the individual differences in self-concept and use these as a basis for enhancing a positive self-concept for each child.
Gross motor development- involves control of the large muscles of the legs, arms, back, and shoulders needed for movements such as walking, running, jumping, hopping, throwing, balancing and climbing.
Fine motor development- involves the use of small muscles of the fingers and hands necessary for such tasks as writing, drawing and buttoning.
Holding grips- writing, grasping, and drawing. Bimanual control- tasks requiring use of both hands.
Manipulation- tasks that require some kind of manipulation with fingers and hands.
Eye hand coordination- uses the eyes to direction attention and the hands to execute a task.
Sensory-perceptual development- involves conveying information that comes through the senses and the meaning that it is given.
Sensory input - involves the collection of information through the senses of sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch.
Kinesthetic sense- provides people with a sense of awareness, feel, for their body in a space so they can make judgments about movement.
Perceptual input- involves attention to, recognition of, and interpretation of information to give it personal meaning.
To enhance physical development, caregivers will:
Assess the physical abilities of each child and create opportunities to that support the development of their abilities, coordination, balance, stability, locomotion and rhythm. Intellectual Development- involves thinking, communicating, reasoning, problem-solving, and exploration. It is how children acquire, organize and apply knowledge.
Classification- the ability to sort and group objects, ideas and information into categories.
Seriation- the ability to understand and relate to the order of things, ideas, and events.
Number concepts- the understanding of quantity.
Temporal concepts- the understanding and awareness of the principles of time.
Spatial concepts- the understanding and awareness of the principles of space.
To enhance the intellectual development of young children, caregivers will:
Give children the opportunity to select, plan and organize their learning activities and develop positive feelings towards learning.
Assist children in the development of observation skills, an understanding of cause and effect, questing and problem solving skills and language and listening skills.
Creative Development includes concepts of originality, imagination, divergent thinking, and the ability to create something new or to combine things in novel but meaningful ways.
Divergent thinking- the making in the mind of many from one. Eg. Brainstorming.
Convergent thinking- the making of one from many through narrowing down many ideas to a single, focused point.
Fluency- the ability to generate many relevant ideas on a given topic in a limited time.
Flexibility- the ability to adapt readily to change in a positive, productive manner.
Sensitivity- receptivity to external and internal stimuli.
To enhance the creative development of children, caregivers will:
Encourage experimentation and exploration and offer experiences that stretch the imagination.
Install a sense of love and confidence to encourage creativity.
Offer support to creativity in a non-judgmental way.
Encourage children to daydream, pretend and to think independently.
Emotional Development-sense of trust, security, autonomy and initiative.
Trust and security is developed by having needs met consistently, predictably and positively.
Autonomy is developed through encouragement and opportunities for exploration.
Initiative is developed by creating a safe environment that encourages children to express their ideas and allows them to take risks and make mistakes.
To enhance the emotional development of children, caregivers will:
Provide an environment where children are respected and feel secure.
Encourage awareness and respect for the feelings of self and of others
Encourage children to recognize, accept and express their feelings in an appropriate manner.
Encourage children to develop independence and confidence.